7.1(A) The activities of TRIFED are monitored and evaluated by the Board of Directors on regular basis. The monthly performance reports are also sent to the Ministry of Tribal Affairs in this regard.
7.2 The Board of Directors shall constitute an Executive Committee to carry our tasks assigned and may delegate any of its powers, duties and functions to it. The Executive Committee shall function under the overall control of the Board of Directors.
7.3 The Executive Committee shall consist of 6 (Six) members: Chairman, Managing Director, Four Directors including one representative each of TDCCs, FDCs, NCDC and Government of India. The Committee shall meet as often may be necessary for the business. The Chairman shall preside over the meetings. In his absence the Managing Director will preside.
7.4 As per bye-laws:
The Executive Committee, among other things, shall be responsible for the following functions: -
(i) Designing and execution of systems to measure performance of TRIFED in terms of progress made towards attainment of objectives of TRIFED.
(ii) Monitoring of corporate functioning, divisional or activity-wise health of the organisation.
(iii) Review of physical and financial progress under individual schemes and of the TRIFED as a whole, suggesting remedial and corrective steps where necessary; and such other items as are delegated to it or entrusted to it by the Board.
7.5 Apart from the above provisions for monitoring and evaluation as per the Byelaws of the TRIFED, the Ministry of Tribal Affairs has its own machinery for monitoring and suggesting the ways and means by which TRIFED can boost its business activities. Secretary (Tribal Affairs) reviews the functioning of the TRIFED periodically.
7.6 As per the prescribed procedure TRIFED is required to submit their Annual Report to both the Houses of Parliament. TRIFED has submitted their Annual Reports till 1997-98 to the Parliament. So far as the reports of 1998-99 and 1999-2000 are concerned, TRIFED has been requested by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to submit their Reports in time. These will be laid in the Parliament as and when made available by TRIFED.
7.7 The Committee are unhappy to note that TRIFED has not submitted Annual Reports for the years 1998-99 and 1999-2000 to the Parliament in spite of the request made by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to submit it in time. The Committee take a serious view of this laxity on the part of TRIFED and therefore, recommend that immediate steps should be taken to submit all the Reports including the report for the year 2000-01 to the Parliament.
7.8(B) As regards, its working in relation to fixation of procurement prices and procurement and marketing of tribal products, the Committee have been informed that TRIFED is working satisfactorily except for the points discussed below the proper implementation of which will help TRIFED in its endeavours to ensure a fair and economic prices to the tribals and to organize a sustainable market for their produce in the long run.
(i) Introduction of Minimum Support Price for MFPs:
TRIFED has observed that due to the absence of a mechanism for fixation of a uniform procurement price all over the country, the price of MFPs varies from state to state. TRIFED is of the opinion that an apex price fixation body is required to be constituted to fix the minimum support prices for MFPs. The support prices for MFPs could be operated on the lines of support price scheme presently operated for agricultural products for which NAFED, FCI and Cotton Corporation of India are the agents of Government of India.
(ii). Appointment of TRIFED as the nodal agency for Procurement of SAPs in scheduled areas:
It has been felt by TRIFED that in case of Agriculture Produce, the Tribals are deprived of the minimum support prices fixed by the Government of India as NAFED/FCI who are the nominated agencies sometimes do not procure the stocks from the regions inhabited by the tribals.
(iii). Waiver of Taxes/Forest Levy like Royalty:
Due to imposition of heavy taxes and forest levies by the various state Governments, TRIFED finds it commercially unviable and hard to compete with the private traders and simultaneously give better prices to the tribals. Exemption from payment of taxes/forest levies against tribal products procured by TRIFED will help in passing better prices to the tribals.
(iv) Free movement of MFPs : TRIFED has experienced that in some states there is ban on movement of forest products from one state to another which resulted in reduction of sales of a particular commodity. Removal of restrictions on free movements of MFPs by different states and necessary legislation in this regard will help in the expansion of sales of tribal products.
(v) Enhancement of Share Capital: The share capital of TRIFED which is at present 100 crores is not sufficient to undertake massive commercial operations. Enhancement of resources of TRIFED basically through greater share capital participation is the need of the hour.
(vi) Establishment of overseas Branch for exports : TRIFED is of the view that opening of sales offices in Gulf and European countries will help in the export of more tribal products and that it will be in a better position to pay further better procurement prices to the tribals for their produce. In this context TRIFED is of the opinion that initially it may be allowed to open two sales outlets/offices preferably one in UAE/Saudi Arabia and the second in U.K.
(vii) Designation of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs as the single window: TRIFED is of the opinion that the M/o Tribal Affairs may be designated as the single window/agency to decide and resolve all issues with regard to development of MFPs and SAPs collected and grown by the tribals hitherto coordinated with the Tribal Welfare Department of the state government instead of TRIFED having to organise coordination on the policies with Forest Panchayat, Cooperative, Tribal Welfare and Agricultural Department for the state and centre.
(viii) Funding for Specialised Activity: TRIFED has felt the need for more funding for specialised activity through grant-in-aid for training of Tribals in primary processing of MFPs and SAPs viz. introduction of non-destructive methods of tapping gum Karaya, growth and development of lac in new areas, deseeding and bulk packing of tamarind, training on value addition and scientific method of storage, improved harvesting technique of hill brooms, ginger etc. These training are necessary to boost the employment and income in tribal areas. Besides these trainings provided to the tribals cannot be covered under the general training that is provided to other agricultural communities.
7.9 It has been observed by the Committee that the monitoring system of TRIFED is two folds one is done by TRIFED and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs does the other. But certain anomalies/defects in its functioning and differences of opinion between the Management of the Federation and the Ministry have been noticed especially on issues like increase in share capital of TRIFED, funding for Tribes shop and decisions on important policy matters concerning the overall interests of TRIFED and its ultimate beneficiaries. These points are a discord between TRIFED and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs. The Committee feel that differences between the two should not be allowed to hamper the growth and progress of TRIFED and should be ironed out at the earliest. The Committee further recommend that the Ministry of Tribal Affairs being a chief monitoring agency and a parent body of TRIFED should carry out regular periodical review meeting of the projects and performance of TRIFED and should always remain alert and vigilant in the process of monitoring and evaluating works and projects formulated or proposed to be formulated by TRIFED.
7.10 Regarding its working pertaining to fixation of procurement prices, process of procurement and marketing of the Tribal products TRIFED has listed down some important points the proper implementation of which will help TRIFED in achieving its objectives satisfactorily. These are Introduction of MSP for MFPs; nomination of TRIFED as nodal agency for MFPs and SAPs; free movement of MFPs; enhancement of Share Capital; establishment of overseas branch offices for exports; Designation of the Ministry of Tribal Affairs as single authority for all MFPs and SAPs in tribal areas and funding for specialised activity. The Committee feel that these are important issues which required immediate attention, redressal and implementation for the development of Tribals and also for the commercial expansion of TRIFED. The Committee, therefore, recommend that both the Management of the Federation and the Ministry of Tribal Affairs should sit together and tackle all the issues on priority basis, work out a solution, and implement them wherever necessary.
COMMITTEE ON THE WELFARE OF SCHEDULED CASTES AND SCHEDULED TRIBES
Agrahayana, 1923, (Saka)